A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can result from a damaging fall, a car accident, and many other occurrences. While some injuries are rather mild and heal after a few days or weeks, others can have lasting effects that go on for months or even years.
While it is possible to recover from a TBI, the road ahead may be long and arduous. Here are a few things TBI victims and their families should know about the process.
Effects of TBI
TBI can cause a wide range of effects on numerous areas of the body. Some people experience problems communicating due to challenges with speaking and writing. Others must deal with paralyzed limbs and muscle dysfunction, which poses challenges to mobility.
Mental and emotional issues can also occur. Some TBI patients have difficulties managing their emotions, which can lead to conflicts with loved ones. Problem-solving ability can also decline, which makes it hard to secure gainful employment or navigate the stressors of life.
What to expect in terms of recovery
A patient’s outlook will depend on the areas of the brain damaged, as well as the extent of the injuries. It is possible for other areas of the brain to take over for the injured sections, which can mean a full or partial recovery. Brain injuries do cause irreversible damage to cells, so it is not possible for all people to restore function.
A combination of treatments and therapies can help the accident victim on their road to recovery. In addition to surgery and medication, many patients undergo certain types of therapy. Physical therapy builds muscle strength in weakened areas, while vocational therapy helps a person re-learn basic tasks and maneuvers.
After a brain injury, the road to recovery can be long for many people. In the event a recovery is possible, it may take years to get there. This highlights the importance of a strong support system after an accident.